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Álmar (fræðiheiti: Ulmus) eru ættkvísl laufrjáa af álmsætt.

Ulmus
Ulmus minor, East Coker, Somerset, Bretlandseyjar.
Vísindaleg flokkun
Ríki: Jurtaríki (Plantae)
Skipting: Dulfrævingar (Magnoliophyta)
Flokkur: Tvíkímblöðungar (Magnoliopsida)
Ættbálkur: Rósaættbálkur (Rosales)
Ætt: Álmsætt (Ulmaceae)
Ættkvísl: Ulmus

Eina álmtegundin sem hefur verið ræktuð á Íslandi hingað til er Álmur (Ulmus glabra). Hérlendis hefur hún náð allt að 12-13 m hæð.

Efnisyfirlit

Undirættkvíslir álmaBreyta

Byggt á Wiegrefe et al 1994.[1]

Incertae sedisBreyta

Útdauðar álmtegundirBreyta

    • Ulmus affinis Lesquereux (syn= Ulmus californica Lesquereux)
    • Ulmus braunii Heer
    • Ulmus brownellii Lesquereux
    • Ulmus carpinoides (Goeppert) emd Menzel
    • Ulmus chaneyi Tanai & Wolfe
    • Ulmus chuchuanus (Berry) LaMotte
    • Ulmus fushunensis Wang, Manchester, Li, & Geng
    • Ulmus minima Ward
    • Ulmus minoensis Huzioka
    • Ulmus miopumila Hu & Chaney
    • Ulmus moorei Chaney & Elias
    • Ulmus moragensis Axelrod nom. dubium
    • Ulmus newberryi Knowlton
    • Ulmus okanagenensis Denk & Dillhoff (subgenus Ulmus)
    • Ulmus owyheensis Smith
    • Ulmus paucidentata Smith
    • Ulmus protojaponica Tanai & Onoe
    • Ulmus pseudo-americana Lesquereux
    • Ulmus pseudolongifolia Oishi & Huz
    • Ulmus pyramidalis Goeppert
    • Ulmus pseudopyramidalis Kvaček & Hably
    • Ulmus rhamnifolia Ward
    • Ulmus speciosa Newberry (syn= Ulmus tanneri Chaney)
    • Ulmus stuchlikii Kohlman-Adamska, Ziembińska-Tworzydło, & Zastawniak
    • Ulmus subparvifolia Nathorst
    • Ulmus tenuiservis Lesquereux (syn= Ulmus montanensis Becker)

Ulmus eolaciniata var fluttur frá Ulmus til Rubus eolaciniata af Tanai og Wolfe in 1977.[2]


TilvísanirBreyta

  1. Wiegrefe, S. J.; Sytsma, K. J.; Guries, R. P. (1994). „Phylogeny of elms (Ulmus, Ulmaceae): molecular evidence for a sectional classification“ (PDF). Systematic Botany. 19 (4): 590–612.
  2. Tanai, T.; Wolfe, J. A. (1977). „Revisions of Ulmus and Zelkova in the middle and late Tertiary of western North America“ (PDF). US Govt. Print. Off. 1026.
  • Armstrong, J. V.; Sell, P. D. (1996). „A revision of the British elms (Ulmus L., Ulmaceae): the historical background“. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 120: 39–50. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1996.tb00478.x. Sótt 26. október 2017.
  • Bean, W. J. (1981). Trees and shrubs hardy in Great Britain, 7th edition. Murray, London.
  • Brasier, C. M. (1996). New horizons in Dutch elm disease control. Pages 20–28 in: Report on Forest Research, 1996. Forestry Commission. HMSO, London, UK.[1]
  • Brookes, A. H. (2015). Disease-resistant elms, Butterfly Conservation trials report, 2015 Butterfly Conservation, Hants & IoW Branch, England. [2]
  • Burdekin, D.A.; Rushforth, K.D. (November 1996). Revised by J.F. Webber. „Elms resistant to Dutch elm disease“ (PDF). Arboriculture Research Note. Alice Holt Lodge, Farnham: Arboricultural Advisory & Information Service. 2/96: 1–9. ISSN 1362-5128. Sótt 26. október 2017.
  • Collin, E. (2001). Elm. In Teissier du Cros (Ed.) (2001) Forest Genetic Resources Management and Conservation. France as a case study. Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Bureau of Genetic Resources. INRA DIC. France.
  • Elwes, H. J. & Henry, A. (1913). The Trees of Great Britain & Ireland. Vol. VII. pp 1848–1929. Private publication [3]
  • Fu, L., Xin, Y. & Whittemore, A. (2002). Ulmaceae, in Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds), (2003). Flora of China, Vol. 5 (Ulmaceae through Basellaceae). Science Press, Beijing, and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, USA. [4]
  • Melville, R. & Heybroek, H. (1971). Elms of the Himalaya. Kew Bulletin, Vol. 26 (1). Kew, London.
  • Richens, R. H. (1983). Elm. Cambridge University Press.
  • Ware, G. (1995). Little-known elms from China: landscape tree possibilities. Journal of Arboriculture, (Nov. 1995). International Society of Arboriculture, Champaign, Illinois, USA. [5].


 
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