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According to the 1910 census, the city had 26,006 inhabitants, of which 9,148 most frequently spoke [[Hungarian language]], 8,934 [[Serbian language]], 6,811 [[German language]], 456 [[Slovak language]], and 339 [[Romanian language]]. The municipal area of the city had 54,715 inhabitants, of which 16,485 most frequently spoke [[German language]], 14,445 [[Serbian language]], 10,581 [[Romanian language]], 8,573 [[Hungarian language]], and 3,265 [[Slovak language]]. It is not certain whether [[Hungarians]] or [[Serbs]] were largest ethnic group in the city in this time, since 1910 census is considered partially inaccurate by most historians because this census did not recorded the population by ethnic origin or mother tongue, but by the "most frequently spoken language", thus the census results overstated the number of Hungarian speakers, since this was official language at the time and many non-Hungarian native speakers stated that they most frequently speak Hungarian language in everyday communication. The city was also home to 1,232 [[Jews]], of whom many were native Hungarian speakers. Another problem is that the city and its municipal area were administered separatelly, thus the total population of the city and its municipal area counted together was 80,721 people, of whom 23,379 most frequently spoke [[Serbian language]], 23,296 [[German language]], 17,721 [[Hungarian language]], 10,920 [[Romanian language]], and 3,721 [[Slovak language]].
After [[World War I]], the city became part of the [[Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes]] (later renamed to [[Yugoslavia]]). In 1921, the population of the city included 39% [[Serbs]] and [[Croats]], 28% [[Germans]], 27% [[Hungarians]], and 6% [[Romanians]]. Between 1918 and 1922, it was a centre of a county within the Kingdom, between 1922 and 1929, it was part of the [[Belgrade oblast]], and between 1929 and 1941 part of the [[Danube Banovina]].
Between 1941 and 1944, it was under [[Axis Powers|Axis]] occupation, and was part of the autonomous [[Banat (1941–1944)|Banat]] within [[Germany|German]]-occupied